Wednesday, January 8, 2014

How to delete outdated provisioning profiles from Xcode 5

You can delete the files directly from ~/Library/MobileDevice/Provisioning Profiles

Open finder, ⌘-Shift-G, and paste in the above path. Restart Xcode afterward.

UIScrollView and Autolayout Demystified

Just finished reading and implementing the described examples in the following link:

Chapter 20. Scroll Views

I was very impressed with this thorough yet easy to read description of how scroll views work.

Thursday, December 12, 2013

Objective C, JSON APIs and a few details worth noting...

Types that can be returned by JSON API:

  • string
  • number
  • boolean
  • null

When parsing JSON with Objective C's NSJSONSerialization class we get the following conversions:

  • string (NSString)
  • number (NSNumber)
  • boolean (NSNumber*)
  • null (NSNull*)

*Note that boolean to NSNumber will NSLog itself as __NSCFBoolean. What?! We just noted above that booleans get parsed as NSNumbers!! Okay, settle, it all does make sense with a little further explanation; __NSCFBoolean is a private class that is used in the NSNumber class cluster. Don't concern yourself with it. Understand that JSON response fields containing a boolean will get parsed as an NSNumber and that to check the parsed value for its meaning (i.e. true/false) you can NOT do if (myBoolean) or if (!myBoolean). Instead, you need to check if ([myBoolean boolValue]) or if (![myBoolean boolValue]) respectively.

*Note that null to NSNull is different than what you might hope for (null to nil). If you send a message to NSNull that it doesn't understand (this is easy to do if you're working with an optional string field), NSNull will crash your app (as opposed to just returning nil). Yikes!

So, how does it all add up? Well, from my experience as a PHP programmer, API developer, and iOS client creator... I'd break it down like this:

Strings, numbers, booleans, and nulls all serve a purpose on the server (both the backend database and API application layer (PHP)). For example, null means a value that hasn't yet been defined. We write queries using null, do special application logic based on it (i.e. send an email where we otherwise wouldn't, etc). It's true that in some cases the null value might even be important to the client, and if so, could be passed on through. However, from my experience, it rarely is. With Objective C being a strongly typed language and the risk of crashing being very real, I've found that I like writing APIs that simplify their output to just strings. 99% of the time, even when receiving a number from the API, I am getting it so I can display it in the UI (i.e. I need it as a string). Therefore the simplicity of working with an all strings API is wonderful and also helps avoid app crashes. I even like to switch my boolean values to strings and just use yes or no. I like the way it reads and keeps the entire API as strings only.

It's all about style. For me, I've found simplifying my API output makes for an easier to use JSON API for my iOS apps.

Saturday, September 7, 2013

How can I get certain domain names to resolve locally using Mac OS X?

By default, all domain names will be looked up via online DNS servers. To resolve locally, we need to override this behavior. We do this by editing our /etc/hosts file. Open it (you'll be prompted for your password). In order to get a certain domain name, say example.com, to resolve locally, add a line that looks like this:
127.0.0.1 examplesite.com
The 127.0.0.1 means localhost. examplesite.com should be replaced with your domain name. Upon saving the document, changes will be made live immediately. There is no need to flush cache or anything of that sort. Happy coding locally!

Monday, May 6, 2013

How do I determine the version of Apache installed on a Debian based Linux machine?

Run the following command:
sudo apachectl -V
Which will print something similar to:
Server version: Apache/2.2.16 (Debian)
Server built:   Mar  3 2013 12:09:44
Server's Module Magic Number: 20051115:24
Server loaded:  APR 1.4.2, APR-Util 1.3.9
Compiled using: APR 1.4.2, APR-Util 1.3.9
Architecture:   64-bit
Server MPM:     Prefork
  threaded:     no
    forked:     yes (variable process count)
Server compiled with....
 -D APACHE_MPM_DIR="server/mpm/prefork"
 -D APR_HAS_SENDFILE
 -D APR_HAS_MMAP
 -D APR_HAVE_IPV6 (IPv4-mapped addresses enabled)
 -D APR_USE_SYSVSEM_SERIALIZE
 -D APR_USE_PTHREAD_SERIALIZE
 -D SINGLE_LISTEN_UNSERIALIZED_ACCEPT
 -D APR_HAS_OTHER_CHILD
 -D AP_HAVE_RELIABLE_PIPED_LOGS
 -D DYNAMIC_MODULE_LIMIT=128
 -D HTTPD_ROOT="/etc/apache2"
 -D SUEXEC_BIN="/usr/lib/apache2/suexec"
 -D DEFAULT_PIDLOG="/var/run/apache2.pid"
 -D DEFAULT_SCOREBOARD="logs/apache_runtime_status"
 -D DEFAULT_LOCKFILE="/var/run/apache2/accept.lock"
 -D DEFAULT_ERRORLOG="logs/error_log"
 -D AP_TYPES_CONFIG_FILE="mime.types"
 -D SERVER_CONFIG_FILE="apache2.conf"